# The Good Eon

The lives

### Toh 94

Degé Kangyur vol. 45 (mdo sde, ka), folios 1.b–340.a

- Vidyākarasiṁha
- Palgyi Yang
- Paltsek

## Imprint

Translated by the Dharmachakra Translation Committee

under the patronage and supervision of 84000: Translating the Words of the Buddha

First published 2022

Current version v 1.1.21 (2024)

Generated by 84000 Reading Room v2.25.1

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## Table of Contents

## Summary

While resting in a park outside the city of Vaiśālī, the Buddha is approached by the bodhisattva Prāmodyarāja, who requests meditation instruction. The Buddha proceeds to give a teaching on a meditative absorption called *elucidating the way of all phenomena* and subsequently delivers an elaborate discourse on the six perfections. Prāmodyarāja then learns that all the future buddhas of the Good Eon are now present in the Blessed One’s audience of bodhisattvas. Responding to Prāmodyarāja’s request to reveal the names under which these present bodhisattvas will be known as buddhas in the future, the Buddha first lists these names, and then goes on to describe the circumstances surrounding their birth, awakening, and teaching in the world. In the sūtra’s final section, we learn how each of these great bodhisattvas who are on the path to buddhahood first developed the mind of awakening.

## Acknowledgements

Translated by the Dharmachakra Translation Committee under the guidance of Chokyi Nyima Rinpoche. Thomas Doctor produced the translation and Andreas Doctor, Anya Zilman, and Nika Jovic compared the draft translation with the original Tibetan and edited the text. The introduction was written by Thomas Doctor and the 84000 editorial team.

The translation was completed under the patronage and supervision of 84000: Translating the Words of the Buddha.

The generous sponsorship of Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche, Zhou Tian Yu, Chen Yi Qin, Zhou Xun, Zhao Xuan, Chen Kun, and Zhuo Yue, which helped make the work on this translation possible, is most gratefully acknowledged.

## Text Body

The Good Eon

## The lives

When the Blessed One had spoken these words, the bodhisattva Prāmodyarāja made the following request: “Blessed One, this is excellent. Blessed One, for the benefit of gods and humans, please explain about the birthplace, the family, the light, the father, the mother, the son, the attendant, the two foremost and excellent followers, the perfect community of monks, the lifespan, the duration of the sacred Dharma, and the manifestation of relics that pertain to each of these buddhas of the Good Eon, so that numerous beings may receive healing and be happy, and so that bodhisattvas of the future may persevere in hearing and remain inspired, become exceptionally accomplished in the sacred Dharma, and become sources of insight.”

The Blessed One replied to the bodhisattva Prāmodyarāja, “Noble son, then listen carefully and keep my words in mind. I shall explain. The birthplace of the thus-gone Krakucchanda is known as Excellent City of Royal Palaces. His family line is that of Kāśyapa. His light extended across one league. Worship Gift was his father. Brahmā Victory was his mother. Supreme was his son. [F.102.b] Perfect Wisdom was his attendant. Among his monks, Master Scholar was foremost in terms of insight. Reciter was foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation consisted of forty thousand monks, his second of seventy thousand monks, and his third contained sixty thousand hearers. The extent of his lifespan was forty thousand years. His sacred Dharma remained for eighty thousand years. His relics remained in a single collection and were contained in a single stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Kanakamuni is known as Fifth City. His family was brahmin. His light extended across half a league. Fire Gift was his father. Highest was his mother. Victorious Army was his son. Auspicious One was his attendant. Highest was foremost in terms of insight. Victory was foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation consisted of seventy thousand monks, his second of sixty thousand monks, and his third of fifty thousand monks. The extent of his lifespan was thirty thousand years. His sacred Dharma remained for a thousand years. His relics remained in a single collection. There was also only one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Kāśyapa is known as Cetana. His family was brahmin. His light extended across a mile. Brahmā Gift was his father. Wealth Possessor was his mother. Leader was his son. Friend of All was his attendant. Bharadvāja was foremost in terms of insight. Star King was foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation consisted of twenty thousand monks, his second of eighty thousand monks, and his third of sixty thousand monks. The extent of his lifespan was twenty thousand years. His sacred Dharma remained for seven thousand years. His relics remained in a single collection. There was also only one stūpa.

“Prāmodyarāja, I, the thus-gone Śākyamuni, was born in Kapilavastu. [F.103.a] My family is kṣatriya and my lineage that of Gautama. My light extends across one fathom. Śuddhodana is my father. Māyā is my mother. Rāhula is my son. Ānanda is my attendant. Upatiṣya is foremost in terms of insight. Kolita is foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. My first congregation consisted of one thousand two hundred and fifty monks. The extent of my lifespan is one hundred years. My sacred Dharma will remain for five hundred years; for five hundred years there will remain a contrived appearance of the sacred Dharma. There will be abundant relics.

“Prāmodyarāja, the thus-gone Maitreya will be born in the royal palace of the city known as Crown Intelligence. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend a league. Excellent Brahmā will be his father. Brahmā Lady will be his mother. Power of Merit will be his son. Ocean will be his attendant. Wisdom Light will be foremost in terms of insight. Firm Endeavor will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of nine hundred and sixty million worthy hearers, his second of nine hundred and forty million worthy hearers, and his third of nine hundred and twenty million worthy hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be eighty-four thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for eighty thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Siṃha will be the city known as Flower God. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend a league. Lion Tiger will be his father. Cry of Bliss will be his mother. Great Power will be his son. Gentle will be his attendant. Wisdom Mount will be foremost in terms of insight. Cloud Bearer will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of one billion members, his second of nine hundred million members, [F.103.b] and his third of eight hundred million members. The extent of his lifespan will be seventy thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for ten million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Pradyota will be the city known as Star Bearer. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend five leagues. Excellent Intelligence will be his father. Flower will be his mother. Time Knower will be his son. Leader of Heroes will be his attendant. Fortune will be foremost in terms of insight. Sound of Thunder will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of one trillion hearers, his second of nine hundred ninety million hearers, and his third of nine hundred eighty million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be ninety million years. His sacred Dharma will remain for eighty-five thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Muni will be the city known as Highest Flower. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend one league. Great Mountain will be his father. Jasmine Flower will be his mother. Supreme Jewel will be his son. Truly Supreme will be his attendant. Certain Intelligence will be foremost in terms of insight. Power Gift will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of ten thousand hearers, his second of four hundred million hearers, and his third of five hundred million worthy ones. The extent of his lifespan will be sixty thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for one thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Kusuma will be the city known as White Lotus. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend eight leagues. Supreme Time will be his father. Flower will be his mother. Leader of the People will be his son. Joy of Awakening will be his attendant. [F.104.a] Dharma Power will be foremost in terms of insight. Indomitable will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of sixty billion hearers, his second of three hundred fifty million hearers, and his third of three hundred forty million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be fifty thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for one thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the second thus-gone one named Kusuma will be called Vast Splendor. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend one league. Flower Crown will be his father. Endowed with Dharma will be his mother. Pure Body will be his son. Keen Intelligence will be his attendant. Excellent Joy will be foremost in terms of insight. Joyous will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of one hundred forty million hearers, his second of one hundred fifty million hearers, and his third of one hundred sixty million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be ninety million years. His sacred Dharma will remain for one hundred million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Sunetra will be called Well Doer. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend twelve leagues. Jewel will be his father. Endowed with Śāla Trees will be his mother. Star King will be his son. Qualities of Intelligence will be his attendant. Infinite Intelligence will be foremost in terms of insight. Lion Gait will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of three hundred thousand hearers, his second of two hundred and eight thousand hearers, and his third of three hundred and six thousand hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be seventy thousand years. [F.104.b] His sacred Dharma will remain for three hundred million years. His relics will be abundant. This thus-gone one alone will ripen more sentient beings than all the first ten combined.

“The thus-gone Sārthavāha will be born in the royal palace of the city known as Supreme Beauty. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend thirty-four leagues. Undaunted will be his father. Wish to Benefit will be his mother. Joy will be his son. Ocean will be his attendant. Supreme Glory will be foremost in terms of insight. Worthy of Worship will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of seven hundred thousand hearers, his second of six hundred thousand hearers, and his third of five hundred thousand hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be ten billion years. His sacred Dharma will remain for ninety-two thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Mahābāhu will be called Movement. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend five leagues. Diligence Gift will be his father. Given by the Sages will be his mother. Illuminator will be his son. Excellent Mind will be his attendant. Undaunted Roar will be foremost in terms of insight. Moving like the Wind will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of one hundred million hearers, and beyond that innumerably many. The extent of his lifespan will be four hundred million years. His sacred Dharma will remain for ten million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Mahābala will be the city called Jewel Splendor. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend thirty leagues. Gorgeous will be his father. Splendid will be his mother. Lion Gait will be his son. Excellent Joy will be his attendant. [F.105.a] Supreme Gift will be foremost in terms of insight. Proper Adherence will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of three hundred thousand hearers, his second of twice as many hearers, and his third of ten thousand hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be forty thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for eighty-four thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Nakṣatrarāja will be the city called Jambu River. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend one hundred leagues. Light Gift will be his father. Excellent Intelligence will be his mother. Conqueror will be his son. Wisdom Power will be his attendant. Master of Discussion will be foremost in terms of insight. Blessing will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of one billion hearers, his second of one billion nine hundred million hearers, and his third of one billion eight hundred million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be eighty million years. His sacred Dharma will remain for ten million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Oṣadhi will be called Endowed with Śāla Trees. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend one league. Excellent Youth will be his father. Beautiful Intelligence will be his mother. Mountain Banner will be his son. Flower will be his attendant. Source of Dharma will be foremost in terms of insight. Power of Merit will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of seven hundred million hearers, his second of six hundred ninety million hearers, and his third of seven hundred eighty million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be seventy-seven thousand years. [F.105.b] His sacred Dharma will remain for sixty thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Yaśaketu161 will be called Radiant Splendor. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend thirty leagues. Luminous will be his father. Endowed with Śāla Trees will be his mother. Highest Flower will be his son. Eye of Joy will be his attendant. Insight Power will be foremost in terms of insight. Lion Strength will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of three hundred twenty thousand hearers, his second of three hundred ten thousand hearers, and his third of three hundred thousand hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be twenty million years. His sacred Dharma will remain for twenty million years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Mahāprabha will be the city called Blissful Joy. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend forty leagues. Bajira will be his father. Given by the Victor will be his mother. Moon Parasol will be his son. Serene Intelligence will be his attendant. Essence of the Sentient will be foremost in terms of insight. Gentle will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of nine hundred seventy million hearers, his second of nine hundred fifty million hearers, and his third of nine hundred thirty million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be one thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for ninety thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Muktiskandha will be the city called Moon Bearer. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend one league. Excellent Mind will be his father. Giver of Lightning will be his mother. Joyous Movement will be his son. Jewel Light will be his attendant. Wisdom Hero will be foremost in terms of insight, [F.106.a] and Stable Power will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of eight hundred million thirty thousand hearers, his second of twice as many hearers, and his third of sixty thousand hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be one hundred thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for five hundred ten thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Vairocana will be the city called Excellent Dharma. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend nine leagues. Conqueror will be his father. Excellent Flower will be his mother. Same Image will be his son. Land of Excellence will be his attendant. Utter Excellence will be foremost in terms of insight. Joyous will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of six hundred twenty thousand hearers, his second of six hundred ten thousand hearers, and his third of six hundred thousand hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be five hundred years. His sacred Dharma will remain for forty-eight thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Sūryagarbha will be the city called Endowed with Flowers. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend two hundred leagues. Wealth Possessor will be his father. Flower will be his mother. Star Knower will be his son. Highest Wisdom will be his attendant. Force of Insight will be foremost in terms of insight. Vajra Force will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of one hundred thousand monks, his second of one billion hearers, his third of eight hundred quadrillion hearers, and his fourth of nine million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be seven hundred million years. His sacred Dharma will remain for three hundred million years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Candra will be known as Supreme Jewel. [F.106.b] His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend eight leagues. Campaka Eye will be his father. Medicine will be his mother. Punarvasu will be his son. Utterly Fearless will be his attendant. Highest Insight will be foremost in terms of insight. Superior Dharma will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of twelve billion hearers, his second of fourteen billion hearers, his third of eighteen billion hearers, and his fourth of twenty billion hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be six thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for eleven thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Arciṣmat will be the city called Excellent Dust. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend sixty leagues. Heap of Merit will be his father. Dharma Intelligence will be his mother. Supreme Campaka will be his son. Great Acumen will be his attendant. Sound of Thunder will be foremost in terms of insight. Highest Wisdom will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of seven million hearers, his second of eight million hearers, and his third of nine million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be one hundred thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for three hundred thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Suprabha will be the city called Starlight. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend thirteen leagues. Sun Power will be his father. Moon Possessor will be his mother. Great Lord will be his son. Stable Power will be his attendant. Wisdom Gift will be foremost in terms of insight. Body of Brightness will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of five billion hearers, [F.107.a] his second of four hundred million hearers, and his third of three hundred fifty million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be eighty-five thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for forty thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Aśoka will be the city called Insight Gift. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend eighteen leagues. Flower Gift will be his father. Endowed with Dharma will be his mother. Light Gift will be his son. Melody of Joy will be his attendant. Great Mountain will be foremost in terms of insight. Given by the Victor will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of twenty thousand hearers, his second of ten thousand hearers, and his third of nine hundred fifty thousand hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be one thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for three hundred fifty thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Tiṣya will be the city called Supreme Campaka. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend eight leagues. Divine Excellence will be his father. Generosity Joy will be his mother. Flash of Light will be his son. Joyous Sight will be his attendant. Highest Wisdom will be foremost in terms of insight. Superior to the World will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of eight hundred million hearers, his second of seven hundred eighty million hearers, and his third of seven hundred million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be thirty-two thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for seventy thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Pradyota will be called Endowed with Islands. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend a thousand worlds. Superior Dharma will be his father. Lotus Possessor will be his mother. [F.107.b] Moon Foot will be his son. Melody of Fame will be his attendant. Glorious Merit will be foremost in terms of insight. Vajra Gift will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of one hundred sixty million hearers, his second of one hundred seventy million hearers, and his third of one hundred eighty million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be fourteen thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for twenty-one thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Mālādhārin will be the city called Source of Merit. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend eighty leagues. White Lotus will be his father. Gift of Qualities will be his mother. Glory of Merit will be his son. Excellent Form will be his attendant. Infinite Lamp will be foremost in terms of insight. King of the Gathering will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of nine hundred million worthy hearers, his second of nine hundred ninety million worthy hearers, and his third of eight hundred eighty million worthy hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be seventy thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for ten million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Guṇaprabha will be the city called Utpala. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend sixty leagues. Endowed with Light will be his father. Heap of Merit will be his mother. Dharma Acumen will be his son. Merit Worthy of Worship will be his attendant. Beryl Essence will be foremost in terms of insight. Granted by the Ground will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of sixteen billion hearers, his second of twelve billion hearers, and his third of eighteen billion hearers. [F.108.a] The extent of his lifespan will be three thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for ten million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Arthadarśin will be the city called Supreme Essence. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend sixty-two leagues. Moon of the Land will be his father. Divine Joy will be his mother. Renowned Qualities will be his son. Brahmā Roar will be his attendant. Moon Mind will be foremost in terms of insight. Given by the Victor will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of six hundred twenty thousand worthy ones, his second of seven hundred thousand worthy ones, and his third of eight hundred thousand worthy ones. The extent of his lifespan will be one hundred years. His sacred Dharma will remain for a hundred million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Pradīpa will be the city called Beautiful Jewel. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend fifty leagues. Jewel Edge will be his father. Star Color will be his mother. Jewel Essence will be his son. Clear Mind will be his attendant. Indomitable will be foremost in terms of insight. Endowed with Power will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of seven hundred thousand hearers, his second of nine hundred thousand hearers, and his third of one million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be fifty thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for two hundred thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Prabhūta will be the city called Splendid Light. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend one league. Excellent Gift will be his father. Endowed with Excellent Thought will be his mother. Friend of the Victorious Ones will be his son. Lion Strength will be his attendant. Gift of Freedom from Suffering will be foremost in terms of insight, [F.108.b] and Lofty Mountain will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of thirty million hearers, his second of two billion hearers, and his third of one billion hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be forty thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for ninety thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Vaidya will be called Accomplishment of Yogic Discipline. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend seventy-seven leagues. Intention will be his father. Supreme Jambu will be his mother. Hero Gift will be his son. Moon Joy will be his attendant. Ocean will be foremost in terms of insight. Elephant Power will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of two million three hundred thousand hearers, his second of two million five hundred thousand hearers, and his third of two million eight hundred thousand hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be seventy thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for two million five hundred thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Sūrata will be the city called Excellent Wealth. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend ten leagues. Supreme Treasure will be his father. Moonlight will be his mother. Lord of Dharma will be his son. Joy for the World will be his attendant. Sound of Thunder will be foremost in terms of insight. Flower Gift will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of three hundred million hearers, his second of two hundred eighty million hearers, and his third of two hundred seventy million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be thirty-six thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for one thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Ūrṇa will be the city called Radiant Splendor. [F.109.a] His family will be brahmin. His light will extend one hundred leagues. King of the Gathering will be his father. Fortunate Joy will be his mother. Mountain Gift will be his son. Divine Moon will be his attendant. Wisdom Joy will be foremost in terms of insight. Worshiped by Gods will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of six hundred twenty million hearers, his second of six hundred ten million hearers, and his third of six hundred million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be fifty thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for seventy thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Dṛḍha will be called Sound of Merit. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend one league. Śāla King will be his father. Joy of Good People will be his mother. Gift to the World will be his son. Splendid Power will be his attendant. Moon Crest will be foremost in terms of insight. Luminous Qualities will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of one hundred thousand hearers, his second of nine million hearers, and his third of eight million hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be twelve thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for twenty-eight thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Śrīdeva will be called Endowed with Jewels. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend twelve leagues. Honey Vessel will be his father. Endowed with Dharma will be his mother. Crown of Joy will be his son. Firm Endeavor will be his attendant. Earth Gift will be foremost in terms of insight. Powerful Moon will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. He will have one congregation, containing one billion hearers. [F.109.b] The extent of his lifespan will be one hundred years. His sacred Dharma will remain for ten million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Duṣpradharṣa will be called Application Accomplished. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend ten million leagues. Divine Rāhu will be his father. Endowed with Merit will be his mother. Hidden Moon will be his son. Joyous Truth will be his attendant. True Jewel will be foremost in terms of insight. Sound of Thunder will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of three hundred thousand hearers, his second of five hundred thousand hearers, and his third of eight hundred thousand hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be eighty million years. His sacred Dharma will remain for one hundred eighty million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Guṇadhvaja will be called Moon Bearing. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend five leagues. Friend of the Royal Star will be his father. Gift of the Wealth God will be his mother. Vajra Force will be his son. Jewel Joy will be his attendant. Sun Essence will be foremost in terms of insight. Leader will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of one hundred thirty thousand hearers, his second of one hundred fifty thousand hearers, and his third of one hundred sixty thousand hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be ten million years. His sacred Dharma will remain for thirty million years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Rāhu will be called Jewel Light. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend seventy-six leagues. Powerful Strength will be his father. Indomitable will be his mother. Moonlight will be his son. Beryl Essence will be his attendant. [F.110.a] God of Strength will be foremost in terms of insight. Joyous Yearning will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. The extent of his lifespan will be one hundred thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for five hundred thousand years. This fortieth thus-gone one will liberate as many sentient beings as those liberated by the combined activities of all the previous thus-gone ones. I shall therefore not specify his congregations. The great earth will become of the nature of the seven precious substances. There will be trees of jewels and also trees that grow garments. Sentient beings will be born miraculously. There will be no lower realms whatsoever. [B10]

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Gaṇin will be called Beautiful Movement. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend half a league. Highest Jewel will be his father. Jewel Light will be his mother. Earth Holder will be his son. Peaceful Mind will be his attendant. Crane Call will be foremost in terms of insight. Objectives Accomplished will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. He will have a single congregation, consisting of a hundred thousand hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be thirty thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for seventy thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Brahmaghoṣa will be called Splendid Light. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend eighty leagues. Brahmā Master will be his father. Blissful will be his mother. Splendid Light will be his son. Lotus Eye will be his attendant. Golden Color will be foremost in terms of insight. Giver of Lightning will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of eight hundred sixty million worthy ones, [F.110.b] his second of nine hundred million worthy ones, and his third of one billion worthy ones. The extent of his lifespan will be ninety thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for three thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Dṛḍhasaṃdhi will be called Blooming Flowers. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend sixty leagues. Joyous Merit will be his father. Happy will be his mother. Giver of Knowledge of Time will be his son. Meaningful Action will be his attendant. Supreme Moon will be foremost in terms of insight. Supreme Gold will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of seven hundred billion worthy ones, his second of seven hundred eighty billion worthy ones, and his third of eight hundred billion worthy ones. The extent of his lifespan will be fifty-five thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for forty thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Anunnata will be called Happy World. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend ten leagues. Ocean will be his father. Given by the Sages will be his mother. Eye of Beauty will be his son. Ruler of Men will be his attendant. Well-Considered Aims will be foremost in terms of insight. Endowed with True Words will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of seventy-eight thousand worthy ones, his second of seventy-six thousand worthy ones, and his third of seventy-five thousand worthy ones. The extent of his lifespan will be eighty million years. His sacred Dharma will remain for eighty thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Prabhaṃkara will be called Golden Light. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend as far as the trichiliocosm. [F.111.a] Radiant will be his father. Jewel Gift will be his mother. Precious Qualities will be his son. Moon Flower will be his attendant. Renown will be foremost in terms of insight. Royal Master of Retention will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of fifty trillion hearers, his second of forty trillion hearers, and his third of thirty trillion hearers. The extent of his lifespan will be fifty million years. His sacred Dharma will remain for seven billion years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Mahāmeru will be called Jewel Array. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend eighty leagues. Moon Splendor will be his father. Given by the Sun will be his mother. Moon Canopy will be his son. Supreme Jewel will be his attendant. Excellent Mind will be foremost in terms of insight. Victorious Joy will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of seven hundred million worthy ones, his second of eight hundred million worthy ones, and his third of nine hundred million worthy ones. The extent of his lifespan will be eight thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for thirty-two thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Vajra will be called Spread Out Splendor. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend sixteen leagues. Jewel Light will be his father. Utpala Eye will be his mother. Sustainer will be his son. Ocean will be his attendant. Gift of the Wrathful will be foremost in terms of insight. Supreme Companion will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of four billion worthy hearers, his second of three billion worthy hearers, and his third of two billion worthy hearers. [F.111.b] The extent of his lifespan will be one hundred thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for thirty thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Sañjayin will be called Endowed with Sandalwood. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend eighty leagues. Flower will be his father. Flashing Light will be his mother. Heap of Jewels will be his son. Jewel Mind will be his attendant. Fearless will be foremost in terms of insight. King of Mountains will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of seven hundred thousand worthy ones, his second of six hundred thousand worthy ones, and his third of five hundred thousand worthy ones. The extent of his lifespan will be ten million years. His sacred Dharma will remain for twenty million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Nirbhaya will be called Enemy Defeater. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend ninety leagues. Light Gift will be his father. Moon Possessor will be his mother. Moon Master will be his son. Moon will be his attendant. King of the Gathering will be foremost in terms of insight. Given by the Gods will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. His first congregation will consist of eight hundred thousand worthy ones, his second of seven hundred eighty thousand worthy ones, and his third of seven hundred sixty thousand worthy ones. The extent of his lifespan will be one hundred thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for ten million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Ratna will be called Stable Borders. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend a hundred thousand leagues. Given by the Sages will be his father. Merit Gift will be his mother. Medicinal Flower will be his son. Diligence Gift will be his attendant. Indomitable will be foremost in terms of insight. Stable Power will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. [F.112.a] In the first congregation there will be four hundred million hearers, in the second there will be three hundred eighty million, and in the third there will be one hundred sixty million. The extent of his lifespan will be eighteen thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for seventy thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Padmākṣa will be called Flower Land. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend thirty-two leagues. Highest Flower will be his father. Beauty will be his mother. Divine Joy will be his son. Flower of Freedom from Suffering will be his attendant. Light of Insight will be foremost in terms of insight. Granted by Accumulations will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be seven hundred million worthy ones, in the second there will be three hundred fifty million, and in the third there will be four hundred million. The extent of his lifespan will be eighteen thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for fifty-six thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Balasena will be called Supreme Excellence. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend six leagues. God of Strength will be his father. Gift of Bliss will be his mother. Radiance of Merit will be his son. Dharma Protector will be his attendant. Victorious King will be foremost in terms of insight. Perfectly Blissful will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be sixty thousand worthy ones, in the second there will be fifty-eight thousand, and in the third there will be fifty-seven thousand. The extent of his lifespan will be sixteen thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for eight thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Kusumaraśmi will be called Moon of Excellent Flowers. [F.112.b] His family will be brahmin. His light will extend seventy-eight leagues. Delightful Sight will be his father. Star Possessor will be his mother. Stable Dharma will be his son. Awakening will be his attendant. Ultimate Intelligence will be foremost in terms of insight. Moon Banner will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be three hundred million worthy ones, in the second there will be three hundred twenty million, and in the third there will be three hundred twenty million. The extent of his lifespan will be twenty-two thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for fifty thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Jñānapriya will be called Supreme Wealth. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend eight leagues. Virtue will be his father. Excellent Splendor will be his mother. Hidden by the Gods will be his son. Benevolent will be his attendant. Moon Canopy will be foremost in terms of insight. Campaka will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be nine billion worthy ones, in the second there will be eight billion, and in the third there will be seven billion. The extent of his lifespan will be one hundred thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for fifty-seven thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Mahātejas will be called Abundant Offering. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend five leagues. Jewel Treasury will be his father. Splendid will be his mother. Highest Radiance will be his son. Excellent Hand will be his attendant. Radiant Fire will be foremost in terms of insight. Lotus Essence will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be seventy thousand worthy ones, in the second there will be seventy-five thousand, and in the third there will be eighty thousand. [F.113.a] The extent of his lifespan will be five hundred thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for twenty-one thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Brahmā will be called Gold Colored. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend three leagues. Joy Free from Suffering will be his father. Endowed with Sandalwood will be his mother. Victorious Force will be his son. Enemy Tamer will be his attendant. Divine Lord will be foremost in terms of insight. Crown Vajra will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. There will be a single congregation consisting of eighty million worthy ones. The extent of his lifespan will be twelve thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for forty-one thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Amitābha will be called Delightful. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend seventy-six leagues. Shining Master of Melodies will be his father. Moonlight will be his mother. Joyous will be his son. Joyous Force will be his attendant. Master of Purity will be foremost in terms of insight. Flashing Light will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be two billion worthy ones, in the second there will be four billion, and in the third there will be six billion. The extent of his lifespan will be eighty thousand years. His sacred Dharma will also remain for eighty thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Nāgadatta will be called Bright Jewels. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend half a league. Held by the Victorious One will be his father. Endowed with the Supreme will be his mother. Power of Merit will be his son. Jewel Lamp will be his attendant. Supreme Campaka will be foremost in terms of insight. [F.113.b] Divine Human will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be eighty thousand hearers, in the second there will be seventy-eight thousand, and in the third there will be seventy-five thousand. The extent of his lifespan will be seventy-six thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for a thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Dṛḍhakrama will be called Supreme Excellence. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend five hundred leagues. Lion Fangs will be his father. Tree Trunk Gift will be his mother. Dharma Speaker will be his son. Excellent Emanation will be his attendant. Jewel Gift will be foremost in terms of insight. Moon Gift will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be one billion worthy hearers, in the second there will be nine hundred ninety million, and in the third there will be nine hundred eighty million. The extent of his lifespan will be one billion years. His sacred Dharma will remain for one hundred and fifty million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Amoghadarśin will be called Luminous. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend one fathom. Virtue Gift will be his father. Honey Eye will be his mother. Star Color will be his son. Jambu River will be his attendant. Essence Friend will be foremost in terms of insight. Given by the Sages will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be nine hundred sixty million hearers, in the second there will be nine hundred eighty million, and in the third there will be one billion. The extent of his lifespan will be one hundred years. His sacred Dharma will remain for one thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Vīryadatta will be called Campa. [F.114.a] His family will be brahmin. His light will extend one league. Excellent Wisdom will be his father. Splendid Gift will be his mother. God Free from Suffering will be his son. Worship Ornament will be his attendant. Supreme Nonapprehension will be foremost in terms of insight. Moon Splendor will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. There will be a single congregation consisting of eight hundred thousand worthy ones. The extent of his lifespan will be one thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for three thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Bhadrapāla will be called Gift of Joy. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend ten leagues. Precious King of Stars will be his father. Endowed with Merit will be his mother. Tiger Gift will be his son. Supreme Mountain will be his attendant. Pervasive Lord of Wisdom will be foremost in terms of insight. Ocean of Intelligence will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. There will be but a single congregation consisting of one billion eight hundred million worthy ones who have achieved mastery. The extent of his lifespan will be two thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for twenty-one thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Nanda will be called Endowed with Riches. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend forty leagues. Brahmā God will be his father. Victorious Glory will be his mother. Great Splendor will be his son. Powerful Movement of Bliss will be his attendant. Merit Hand will be foremost in terms of insight. Eye of Joy will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be seven hundred thirty million hearers, in the second there will be seven hundred twenty million, and in the third there will be seven hundred ten million. The extent of his lifespan will be eighty-four thousand years. [F.114.b] His sacred Dharma will remain for ninety thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Acyuta will be called Miraculous Splendor. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend seventy leagues. King of Doctors will be his father. Glorious Star will be his mother. Flower God will be his son. Indomitable Strength will be his attendant. Infinite Fame will be foremost in terms of insight. Powerful Hero will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be six hundred million hearers, in the second there will be five hundred eighty million, and in the third there will be five hundred seventy million. The extent of his lifespan will be twenty-one thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for ninety thousand years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Siṃhadhvaja will be called Brightness Attained. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend ninety leagues. Dharma Banner will be his father. Meritorious Friend will be his mother. Gift of Riches will be his son. Worship will be his attendant. Given by Application will be foremost in terms of insight. Beauty of Yogic Discipline will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be two hundred twenty million hearers, in the second there will be two hundred ten million, and in the third there will be two hundred million. The extent of his lifespan will be twenty-eight thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for eighty thousand years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Jaya will be called Jewel Conduct. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend ten leagues. Sun Splendor will be his father. Flower Eye will be his mother. Truth Appreciator will be his son. Endowed with Dharma will be his attendant. [F.115.a] True Yogic Discipline will be foremost in terms of insight. Dharma Excellence will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be three hundred sixty million hearers, in the second there will be three hundred seventy million, and in the third there will be three hundred eighty million. The extent of his lifespan will be eighty thousand years. His sacred Dharma will remain for eight million years. His relics will remain in a single collection. There will also only be one stūpa.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Dhārmika will be called Joyous Gods. His family will be brahmin. His light will extend seven leagues. Invincible will be his father. Endowed with Fame will be his mother. Divine Leader will be his son. Sun Gift will be his attendant. Great Chariot will be foremost in terms of insight. Medicine Gift will be foremost in terms of miraculous abilities. In the first congregation there will be eighty million hearers, in the second there will be seventy million, and in the third there will be eighty million. The extent of his lifespan will be ten million years. His sacred Dharma will remain for thirty million years. His relics will be abundant.

“The birthplace of the thus-gone Prāmodyarāja will be called Aims of Beings Accomplished. His family will be kṣatriya. His light will extend eight leagues. Highest will be his father. Glorious Aspiration will be his mother.